Archive for the ‘Therapist’ Category
Muscle injury can occur from a blow or something inside the muscle. Thus, it can be classified into cramps, contractures and tearing.
- Cramps: Call to disorders caused by loss of sodium, potassium and magnesium. It usually occurs at the beginning of the year, but at the end, when minerals are lost and cramps occur. Normally appear in calves and forearms. To avoid this it is advisable to take salt and minerals to recover and stretch and loosen muscles when cramps are given.
- Contractures: It occurs in muscles that have had to endure an overload for a long time. Another reason is stress, which affects the neck, shoulders, general fatigue … is caused by the lack of a proper metabolism. To begin the exercise, the injury is strong and goes down while the muscle is warmed, returning to be strong when it ends, which indicate that it can be prevented with a good warm up. To cure it, are always welcome hot baths, massages or gentle activities.
- Tears: total or partial rupture of part of the muscle, are common in twins, hamstrings and quadriceps. The causes of these injuries can be a dramatic change in temperature for muscle, an effort overexposed than the muscle can bear, or an extra effort after exercise, such as acceleration and desacelerones. If the break does not exceed 5%, there will be a great loss of strength, but a discomfort around the injured area, causing great pain to want to contract the muscle. A break may take about three weeks to heal, as long as do not overstrain.
If you practice basketball, volleyball, paddle tennis, climbing … it is likely that on occasion you had a sprained finger. That typical balonazo or collision with an opponent that causes us great pain swelling our finger.
The first thing to do when someone sprains once produced the injury is to put ice. And then come to the emergency room to check that there is no broken bone or a tendon rupture. So we need a doctor’s diagnosis. Usually the injury is assessed by a radiological test and verify whether there is deformity, instability or loss of function.
Proven to be a sprain, will proceed to the immobilization of the finger, which could be done by tape (tape) or thermoplastic (the plastic finger cots).
The advantage of tape is that it prevents us from using your finger, and the disadvantage is that it is very comfortable and very unstable injury immobilizes not enough. On the contrary, if you freeze perfectly splint the finger, being necessary for cases of great instability, but we use your finger to prevent everyday life. Depending on the type of injury will use one or the other.
While we can not move a finger what we should do is use the ice to act as a local anesthetic, and we recommend a massage for about 5 minutes and immediately begin with a painless mobilization in the arc of motion. It is also advisable to use anti-inflammatory cream on the injured area after the ice. These exercises should last from 5 to 10 minutes a day and we can repeat 3 to 5 times a day. Always have to replace the ferrule to finish. Little by little we will be checking as we get much greater range of motion.
We must also be careful if you have been in a coup, we have not had a sprained wrist .
Mono is a disease characterized by a rather unpleasant course, this causes a significant weakening in the child and a state of exhaustion that is complex to parents trying to figure out how to help their children in the course of the disease.
Mononucleosis is also known as the kissing disease, is caused by a virus and occurs most often in children, adolescents or young adults, characterized by severe inflammation of the lymph nodes usually causes fever, sore throat and malaise.
How to help a child / teenager with mononucleosis without worsening the disease?
Parents should be aware at all times that the child should be kept under strict medical supervision, which will establish the appropriate drug therapy in each case, although parents can also help in the most difficult stages of the disease when there are higher rates of fatigue or apathy caused by fever, provided they are approved by the health professional.
The support of parents is especially useful at the beginning of the disease when the child has difficulty with high fever. It can relieve symptoms by using cold compresses to the forehead to help cool down and relaxing infusions may be administered as linden, in addition to ensuring that the child is in optimal conditions of hydration, so to be furnished s naturale drinks like water or fruit juice throughout the day, to help recover the minerals lost in excessive sweating caused by fever.
The parent contact with the sick child by mononucleosis in the early stages, can be somewhat difficult, because the child will be weak and listless because of fever. This is perfectly normal and only parents should monitor hydration and fever at this point, without insisting too much on managing solid foods when the child do not agree, as the body all the energy reserves to fight infectious organisms and restore the optimum state health.
Another important point is rest, the disease can last more than a me s, so parents should not force the child to stay in bed all day, but should encourage the right atmosphere for rest, protecting the other family members that may be more susceptible to the disease, like other children and the elderly.
Asperger syndrome or autism spectrum disorder is a behavior that interferes with social relations and whose first symptoms usually appear during childhood, which is the most delicate stage of development of a person, but many symptoms that are mistakenly associated with the autism are due to many different diseases and disorders.
Many parents whose children show an anomalous behavior during childhood express their fear of pediatric professionals to rule out autism as a cause of dysfunctional behavior. Fortunately, medical advances of recent decades have made it easier for professionals health to identify Asperger syndrome in the early stages from beginning to manifest itself, since if left untreated, symptoms start to worsen seriously interfere with reaching the child’s life and hinder their development.
The main symptoms of Asperger Syndrome
These symptoms are often not easy to identify with a cursory examination because they tend to be confused with other conditions that have nothing to do with autism, behavior that often commonly turn the attention of parents is a worsening of the rebellion of the child from an early age and a marked inability to show their feelings and express their wishes.
This behavior by itself is not indicative of a child having the syndrome that it’s not autistic, since only a specific examination in identifying tests can determine whether or not you have Asperger Syndrome, which is detectable from the fourth years of age.
Differences between Asperger syndrome and autism
The main difference that should not be confused with Asperger Syndrome Autism, is that the first condition, there is a failure of social interaction by whom has it, but that does not interfere in other areas of development and learning, Indeed, children with Asperger syndrome have a higher than average intelligence and a high command of language, and shows interest in various subjects qualified, but his altered perception of reality makes it difficult to communicate by making others perceive them as clumsy or holders strange or bizarre behaviors.
Children with Asperger syndrome often suffer from social exclusion l, which tends to further aggravate his condition, which required the intervention of professionals to help them interact with other children their age and relaxing therapies be subjected to them help reduce the stress of their illness.
The spine pain, rest incomplete sleep, less sleep, the sleep problems are related … directly with the position and posture during sleep. If when you wake up notes as if you had not rested enough, you’re probably not sleeping in the best position. In today’s article will discuss the most common positions bedtime and what are the most desirable from the anatomical point of view.
In general, all joints of the body can trigger pain if you use bad sleeping positions . Prone areas are the neck, back and shoulders.
The first step to improve sleep is good preparation. The mattress should be firm and straight, but soft to fit the curves of the spine. It is best to have an average hardness. An excessively wide pillow tends to cause the neck to bend and too thin to be tense. It is necessary that trunk and head are aligned.
Although much changed overnight position, we must choose the right at least when we go to bed. When you feel you are about to start accommodate you sleep you sleep.
The position is best to sleep on their side or as we say technically on her side. Even better with a pillow between your knees. This position aligns our spine properly and avoid overloads. The pillow between the legs helps open the hips. Avoid sleeping on your stomach as it requires turning your head to breathe, increasing neck pains. Back to Sleep should carry out its recommendations and that this position may increase the load back. So place a small pillow under the knees.
Sleeping enough and well help us stay healthy. If you experience problems sleeping or not rest properly, see your doctor.
Meniscal injuries are common. A wear meniscus is a common injury of the knee joint . The most common is occur in turns or movements due to poor support. It is a degenerative, ie increase in severity over time.
The meniscus is a fibrocartilage located between the femur and tibia allowing the movements of flexion and extension and rotation of the knee. Serves to make the knee more consistent, helps the stability of the knee protects the articular cartilage of the tibia and femur better distributing the load of body weight.
Symptoms of a meniscus injury can often be in the form of severe pain: pain when doing certain postures, painful limitation of knee motion, stroke, lack of strength, clicks. Medicine has evolved a lot in this type of operation.
Currently using arthroscopic surgery can perform partial resection of the left meniscus remains stable, fixed, coherent and partially degenerate that allow for the function of the meniscus.
The time needed for rehabilitation of the meniscus depends on the patient and the type of injury, usually 3-5 weeks for the medial meniscus and 5-7 weeks for the lateral meniscus. After meniscal surgery, the articular cartilage of the knee has to adapt to living without their meniscus. Have to bear the burden alone. There is a more or less prolonged period of adaptation in which it is possible to manifest discomfort and / or occasional spills. This becomes more evident in the lateral meniscus surgery patients and veterans.
Treatment would be based on exercises supervised by a physiotherapist to help heal the knee and help you resume normal activities. In addition also perform preventive treatment to increase strength and flexibility in the knee and leg, to prevent future degeneration in the knee.
It is very convenient to exercise the area with light exercise, especially a few weeks after the operation. Smoothly running, biking or swimming practice some can be very beneficial for rehabilitation.
An ankle injury is not something to be taken lightly, but something that should be treated immediately, it could become a bigger problem, which must be avoided at all costs. And this is an injury to be treated, whether mild or severe. If it will take to make the visit to the doctor or the ambulance takes to arrive, avoid bloating, immobilize the ankle and try not to support or cover it.
When there is a fracture, we must take care to treat an open wound in the event that there is, trying to stop the bleeding. This acolcharemos well the injured area, supporting the ankle on a pillow. Must stop the bleeding with gauze and when it is wet, replace another one, and so on.
In the event that the invoice is internal and there is no open wound, we must avoid at all costs any move, it could be broken. This will splint the ankle side by side, using the ankle injured and uninjured by the tie with a bandage or cloth, inserting padding between both calves. They bind the feet and calves firmly to avoid movement until the ambulance arrives. Remember that the fracture never be touched. The ankle should rest, be cold and high. With all of this is to relieve pain and reduce inflammation, before medical help arrives.
Biomechanical analysis of the femoro-patellar joint of the right limb during the sporting gesture of fencing the bottom
High performance athletes are individuals whose lifestyles given by your sport are likely to have certain musculoskeletal injuries, such as patellar tendinitis. This study is done then seeks to compare how this injury caused by the overuse of femoro-patellar joint, affects the sporting gesture called fund of fencing. To carry out this study, we perform a comparison between two high-performance athletes doing the sports fencing sporting gesture, where an athlete is completely healthy and the other is an athlete who has the injury.
2. GENERAL PURPOSE
Comparative analysis of the alterations and kinematic differences of the knee joint in the sporting gesture “Fund” in fencing, watching two elite athletes where you are without any pathology and the other has a patellar tendinitis.
3. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
• Determine the difference in the speed change between healthy and injured athlete athlete because of tendinitis in the patellar femoral joint during application of the sporting gesture “Fund” in fencing.
• Determine the difference in the change of acceleration between healthy and injured athlete athlete because of tendinitis in the patellar femoral joint during application of the sporting gesture “Fund” in fencing.
• Observe changes in the execution of sports movements, comparing performance on the activity to make the bottom of fencing with a healthy elite athlete elite athlete versus suffering patella tendinitis in the patellar femoral joint.
Nicotine patches are a helper method to quit smoking quite effective, provided that the ex-smoker will put it.
These patches contain a source of nicotine that reduces withdrawal symptoms when you stop the snuff, because addiction arises because of this substance, so that our bodies no longer need it when in a small proportion receive little by little, until no longer needed because nicotine patches come in different doses to be used for various lengths of time, increasing and reducing the amount of nicotine that is needed.
Before using this method, as with all medications, we recommend consulting your physician and read the prospectus carefully. If you have a question also should consult your doctor or pharmacist, and should never take more doses than those listed, or to extend the treatment without the doctor.
- Nicotine patches are applied directly to the skin once a day and it is recommended to always use the same time.
- The patch should be applied over an area of skin that is clean, dry and free of hair. Avoid placing the patch on irritated areas, scars or any type of cut or wound.
- The patch should be used daily between 16 and 24 hours and can be used even while showering.
- It is advisable to also apply the following patch to be used on a different area of skin to prevent irritation and never use two patches simultaneously.
- After using the patch for about two weeks, proceed to the use of a patch with a lower dose of nicotine and gradually decreasing it go.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia in the elderly. An estimated twenty five million people worldwide have it. It is a progressive, degenerative disease of the brain for which there is no recovery.
The best known features of AD are memory loss and progressive loss of autonomy of the individual. alzheimer In Alzheimer’s disease is loss of neurons and loss of neurotransmitters, which leads to loss of mental abilities.
Although there is no cure for this disease, if there are many treatments that help improve the quality of life of patients. Physiotherapy is one of them.
The physical therapy uses movement, exercise and physical means to achieve the rehabilitation and improvement, maintenance or restoration of skills as well as to maintain patient autonomy as long as possible. This increases the comfort and quality of life of patients and their families. Physical therapy is very beneficial for the improvement in several areas:
- Maintenance of Competency: Lumber stimulating therapy and therapy facilitator of learning tasks.
- Training Transfer: Transfer (from bed to chair …).
- Prevention of incontinence: bladder training, arrival to the bathroom …
- As a first step to behavioral disturbances (agitation, wandering, sleep disturbances, apathy …).
- Prevention of deformities.
-Prevention of pressure ulcers: postural changes and technical measures.
- Impaired swallowing: this is neurological in origin and often using very simple steps, you prevent possible choking and broncoaspiraciones (risk of pneumonia).